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Fwd: TA14-290A: SSL 3.0 Protocol Vulnerability and POODLE Attack


Chronological Thread 
  • From: Jason Zurawski <>
  • To: perfsonar-announce <>,
  • Cc:
  • Subject: Fwd: TA14-290A: SSL 3.0 Protocol Vulnerability and POODLE Attack
  • Date: Wed, 10 Dec 2014 15:29:22 -0500

Greetings;

See below for a revised announcement on the POODLE vulnerability.  The perfSONAR team has reviewed this note, and a related announcement from Redhat (https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2014-8730), the upstream provider of the operating system that underpins the perfSONAR Toolkit.  

At this time there are no additional risks to operators of the perfSONAR toolkit.  The packages that RHEL/CentOS are currently using for SSL are not at risk, and the perfSONAR Toolkit updates since the disclosure of POODLE have disabled the use of SSL version 3.  

We would like to take this opportunity to remind all users to keep their systems up to date, and we will continue to monitor this issue, and any others, that may come up.  

Thanks, and please relay any questions or concerns to the development team: ;

-jason

Begin forwarded message:

Reply-To:
Subject: TA14-290A: SSL 3.0 Protocol Vulnerability and POODLE Attack
Date: December 10, 2014 at 12:10:48 PM EST
From: "US-CERT" <>

TA14-290A: SSL 3.0 Protocol Vulnerability and POODLE Attack

NCCIC / US-CERT

National Cyber Awareness System:

10/17/2014 12:27 PM EDT

Original release date: October 17, 2014 | Last revised: December 10, 2014

Systems Affected

All systems and applications utilizing the Secure Socket Layer (SSL) 3.0 with cipher-block chaining (CBC) mode ciphers may be vulnerable. However, the POODLE (Padding Oracle On Downgraded Legacy Encryption) attack demonstrates this vulnerability using web browsers and web servers, which is one of the most likely exploitation scenarios.

Some Transport Layer Security (TLS) implementations are also vulnerable to the POODLE attack.

Overview

US-CERT is aware of a design vulnerability found in the way SSL 3.0 handles block cipher mode padding. The POODLE attack demonstrates how an attacker can exploit this vulnerability to decrypt and extract information from inside an encrypted transaction.

Description

The SSL 3.0 vulnerability stems from the way blocks of data are encrypted under a specific type of encryption algorithm within the SSL protocol. The POODLE attack takes advantage of the protocol version negotiation feature built into SSL/TLS to force the use of SSL 3.0 and then leverages this new vulnerability to decrypt select content within the SSL session. The decryption is done byte by byte and will generate a large number of connections between the client and server.

While SSL 3.0 is an old encryption standard and has generally been replaced by TLS, most SSL/TLS implementations remain backwards compatible with SSL 3.0 to interoperate with legacy systems in the interest of a smooth user experience. Even if a client and server both support a version of TLS the SSL/TLS protocol suite allows for protocol version negotiation (being referred to as the “downgrade dance” in other reporting). The POODLE attack leverages the fact that when a secure connection attempt fails, servers will fall back to older protocols such as SSL 3.0. An attacker who can trigger a connection failure can then force the use of SSL 3.0 and attempt the new attack. [1]

Two other conditions must be met to successfully execute the POODLE attack: 1) the attacker must be able to control portions of the client side of the SSL connection (varying the length of the input) and 2) the attacker must have visibility of the resulting ciphertext. The most common way to achieve these conditions would be to act as Man-in-the-Middle (MITM), requiring a whole separate form of attack to establish that level of access.

These conditions make successful exploitation somewhat difficult. Environments that are already at above-average risk for MITM attacks (such as public WiFi) remove some of those challenges.

On December 8, 2014, it was publicly reported [2,3,4] that some TLS implementations are also vulnerable to the POODLE attack.

Impact

The POODLE attack can be used against any system or application that supports SSL 3.0 with CBC mode ciphers. This affects most current browsers and websites, but also includes any software that either references a vulnerable SSL/TLS library (e.g. OpenSSL) or implements the SSL/TLS protocol suite itself. By exploiting this vulnerability in a likely web-based scenario, an attacker can gain access to sensitive data passed within the encrypted web session, such as passwords, cookies and other authentication tokens that can then be used to gain more complete access to a website (impersonating that user, accessing database content, etc.).

Solution

There is currently no fix for the vulnerability SSL 3.0 itself, as the issue is fundamental to the protocol; however, disabling SSL 3.0 support in system/application configurations is the most viable solution currently available.

Some of the same researchers that discovered the vulnerability also developed a fix for one of the prerequisite conditions; TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV is a protocol extension that prevents MITM attackers from being able to force a protocol downgrade. OpenSSL has added support for TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV to their latest versions and recommend the following upgrades: [5]

  • OpenSSL 1.0.1 users should upgrade to 1.0.1j.
  • OpenSSL 1.0.0 users should upgrade to 1.0.0o.
  • OpenSSL 0.9.8 users should upgrade to 0.9.8zc.

Both clients and servers need to support TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV to prevent downgrade attacks.

Other SSL 3.0 implementations are most likely also affected by POODLE. Contact your vendor for details. Additional vendor information may be available in the National Vulnerability Database (NVD) entry for CVE-2014-3566 [6] or in CERT Vulnerability Note VU#577193.[7]

Vulnerable TLS implementations need to be updated. CVE ID assignments and vendor information are also available in the NVD.[8]

References

Revision History

  • October 17, 2014 Initial Release
  • October 20, 2014 Added CERT Vulnerability Note VU#577193 to the Solution section
  • December 10, 2014 Noted newer POODLE variant (CVE-2014-8730)

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  • Fwd: TA14-290A: SSL 3.0 Protocol Vulnerability and POODLE Attack, Jason Zurawski, 12/10/2014

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